What next? (for capitalism) – letters to the press

Just back (10 Oct) from wonderful and inspiring INURA meeting in Athens inura08.wordpress.com.   (To see some photos, click the picture.) inura08 poster.jpgAll through the conference the world financial knitting was unravelling.  Somehow this unravelling of the financial sector (though in NO WAY a political basis for any major change) seems like an opportunity for us to  say something.  I can’t resist it.  Richard Sennett published an article in the FT on Wednesday 8th which was good in many ways, calling for governments to intervene to restore the quantity and quality of jobs….   It was a bit crass in places and that provoked me to write a letter (see below) 

 Then came an email from Joshua at the London Evening Standard, whose job is to drum up letters. He asked me to comment on an article about London’s extreme vulnerability to banking collapse and another on the possible death of Crossrail, which I did.  

I don’t know whether either of these letters will  be published but here they are. [Later: the FT one appeared Monday 13th.] What shall we do?  There needs to be some more concerted left response. 

   

Letter to FT:    Richard Sennett makes a compelling case for state support to wider sections of our economies and his programme as a whole could certainly be a sort of socialism (“Extend state ownership to save jobs” 8 October) but he’s surely wrong to say that the government bail-outs we see today are ‘…financial socialism.’ The events of recent weeks on both sides of the Atlantic are clear examples of what sociologists call the capitalist state at work: the state coming to the aid of capital in a crisis. All the signs are that governments hope to get back to ‘normal’ , even though ‘normal’ has lost its credibility.  There are no signs of a shift towards a fairer or more emancipatory or even a more stable society.  Sennett’s article is a stirring call to re-think society but it does no good to fool ourselves by imagining that the re-think is already under way.   Michael Edwards, UCL

  

and then to the Evening Standard in London (a local paper):    Your report on CEBR’s pessimistic view for London jobs (London faces recession “worse than Nineties”, News, 10 October) is certainly right, even if they claim too much precision about future unemployment.

But the surprising thing about this crisis is that people are surprised:  it has been clear for years that the current version of global capitalism was fragile and likely to collapse.  It has also been clear that London’s economy gets ever more volatile as it  depends more and more on finance, business services and real estate.  This has been borne out by research in the GLA and the Corporation of London time and again.

At three successive public hearings on Ken Livingstone’s London Plan some of us have hammered away to try and get a debate about this – arguing that London should minimise its exposure to these sectors and foster its remaining manufacturing, repair and maintenance, culture and public service sectors.  The floods of money pouring into the finance, housing and property markets drove values up, impoverishing half of us and enriching the other half.  It truly was madness, and Ken Livingstone – a great Mayor in other respects – was totally wrong to go along with it.  (He has almost admitted this recently, but that’s another story.)  

Governments are now busy trying to get back to ‘normal’.  But the ‘normal’ of the last decade was a thoroughly bad  kind of city, a bad kind of society, and now we have a good opportunity to think again from first principles (just as we are supposed to do about global warming).

What do we have to do?  I suggest the following

(i) diversify the economy of London away from finance and property investment

(ii) use the tax system to encourage people to save and invest in productive activity, not in chasing asset (and house) prices

(iii) separate the pension system from the volatility of asset values

(iv) make London’s suburbs and localities more self-sufficient so more people can work near home.  That would mean scrapping Crossrail, the main benefit of which was to further pump up the valuation of central London offices and development sites. TfL has hundreds of transport schemes in its bottom drawer which would be of far greater benefit to London than this £17bn monster.

Now is the moment to change direction.  Is anyone out there willing to do it?

Michael Edwards,  School of Planning, University College London

On 10 Oct 2008, at 11:31, joshua.neicho@standard.co.uk wrote: 

 

This is Josh Neicho from Letters at the Evening Standard – hope all has

been well with you since we last spoke.

 

I wanted to send you our report today about the CEBR’s predictions of a

deeper recession in London than elsewhere in the country. Would you be

interested in commenting on the accuracy of its assessment and on how

central and London government should plan for the downturn, particularly in

terms of infrastructure improvements such as Crossrail? I include our

report from earlier in the week on possible delays to or even shelving of

the Crossrail project. Please let me know if you might like to contribute

anything.

 

 

 

Kind regards,

 

 

 

Josh Neicho

 

Evening Standard Letters

 

020 7938 7596

 

 

 

 

 

London faces recession “worse than Nineties”, News, 10 October

 

London is at the start of an 18 month recession that will be longer and

deeper than the downturn in the rest of the country, a leading forecaster

warned today.

 

 The capital’s dependence on the City will drag the entire Lon
don economy

down into a recession that could be worse than the early Nineties,

according to think-tank CEBR.

 

By the end of next year more than 120,000 London workers will have lost

their jobs, many in high paid professions such as advertising, accountancy

and the law, as well as banking, it says.

 

The shakeout of London’s wealthy elite will have a huge knock-on effect for

restaurants, bars and high streets across the capital. There is already

growing evidence of pain with many restaurants in the City  empty at

lunchtime.

 

 The new forecast from the CEBR suggests that London’s £300 billion economy

started to shrink this summer and will contract by 1 per cent in 2009.

Painfully slow growth of 1.6 per cent will only resume in 2010 with the

recovery picking up pace as the Olympics approaches in 2012.

 

The financial services industry is set to be hit much harder than the

general London economy, shrinking by 5 per this year and 9 per cent in

2009.

 

Ben Read, managing economist at CEBR, said:”The London economy has enjoyed

the fruits of the boom in financial services, but it wil lnow suffer a

painful setback in the wake of the banking crisis. For those thinking the

worst is already over 2009 is likely to come as a rude surprise, as

London’s core sectors – media and advertising, legal services, accounting

and property follow financial services into recession.

 

“Londoners need to be prepared for a return to early 1990s recession.

Economic growth in 2009 is set to be weaker than either 1991 or 1992 in the

capital, house prices are set to fall by £50,000 from their peak and

unemployment will rise by 120,000.”

 

The London recession will end 17 years of continuous and often rapid growth

which saw the capital briefly claim the mantle of the world’s pre-eminent

financial centre from New York and made it the world’s leading

international centre for billionaires.

 

In 2007 the capital’s GDP grew by 3 per cent, the City by 10 per cent and

unemployment stood at 143,000. The CEBR’s figures suggest that will almost

double to 265,000 in two years.

 

The CEBR had previously been forecasting that London would narrowly avoid

outright recession but the extraordinary turmoil of the past month has

forced its economists to rewrite its figures.

 

Property sales down by 75 per cent with 50 viewings to get a deal

THE LONDON property market has virtually ground to a halt over the past

month threatening the jobs of thousands of estate agents.

 Agents said phones had been eerily quiet since the middle of September

when Lehamn Brothers collapsed.

 Of the few viewings that are being booked, hardly any are converting into

sales.

One leading London agent described the market as “constipated” and there is

a growing fear that without a pickup soon, hundreds of high street branches

will have to close.

 Foxtons, London’s biggest and highest profile chain, has already started

to shed staff and cut back on advertising.

 Even before the events of the past months property sales in London were

down by more than half on last year. Now the fall is thought closer to 75

per cent.

 Liam Bailey, head of residential sales at Knight Frank, said: “It’s been

very bad since April, but it did seem to be picking up slightly in

September. There was a sense that people felt things had got as bad as they

were going to.

 “But since Lehmans collapsed it’s got worse than ever due to all the

uncertainty. People are less willing to commit to something as huge as

buying a house in the current climate.”

 Lindsay Cuthill, director of Savills, said: “A few weeks ago one got a

sense that people were feeling that enough dust had settled that they were

willing to dip their toes back in the market but the shocks of the last two

weeks have meant they’ve pulled those toes straight back out again now.

“We’re still getting viewings but it’s harder to turn those into sales.

Some of our offices say they need 50 viewings before they get a deal.”

Anne Currell, managing director of Currell Residential, which covers north

east London, said: “We agreed a good number of deals last month, but then

in the past couple of weeks with the fallout from Icesave and the bank

bailout, it’s gone very quiet. Wave after wave of bad headlines has really

sent shockwaves through people.

“I think we’ll probably start to see more people pulling out of deals at

the last minute.”

The stagnation comes as Britain’s biggest mortgage lender announced the

faster rate of decline in house prices in Britain in 50 years.

A survey yesterday from Halifax revealed that the average price of a home

has dropped 13.4% over the past year. But Marsh & Parsons managing director

Peter Rollings said in London real prices were down 20 per cent on the

peak. His firm sold a west London flat for £260,000 last week for a buyer

who paid £360,000 for it last year but has stuggled to keep up the interest

payments.

Stephen Smith, chair of the south London branch of the National Association

of Estate Agents, said it was taking time for people to adjust to falling

house values.

He said:  “The turmoil of the last couple of weeks means many people are

still sitting on their hands, waiting to see what happens. Buyers are being

cautious, excessively so in my opinion, and fear paying too much if the

market continues to fall. A lot of sellers are still not quite ready to

accept that they’ve missed the peak of the market and they have to drop

their prices considerably.

He said fewer properties were coming on to the market because estate agents

were refusing to take on homes people wanted to sell at unrealistically

high prices.

“Agents don’t want to waste their time marketing properties that will never

sell,” he explained. “They’re telling sellers to lower their expectations

or forget it.

“But it’s slowly sinking in and hopefully this week’s bail-out announcement

will help people face up to the property slump.”

The credit crunch has forced estate agents to work harder, Mr Smith added.

“Gone are the days were we just reeled in the orders and people became

complacent and lazy,” he said. “Now the 11-year boom is over, we’re seeing

a return to old-fashioned marketing where you have to work hard to match

the buyer to the right property.”

 

 

 

 

 City Spy, 8 October

 

 ANXIOUS times for those involved in the Crossrail project, where key       

 funding documents remain unsigned and the downturn and falling property    

 values have put major question marks against some of the calculations.     

 

 There are doubts about the predicted profits from the redevelopment of     

 land at the bottom end of Tottenham Court Road belonging to Transport for  

 London.                                                                    

 

 Meanwhile, airports operator BAA and the City Corporation have yet to      

 finally sign off their contributions towards the £17 billion bill.         

 

 TfL is also to raise a £2.7 billion contingency fund, secured against      

 future fares — something that looks precarious in the current climate.     

 

 Then there is the planned £3.5 billion levy from London businesses. It     

 seems hardly the right moment to be asking small shops and firms for cash  

 when they are struggling in the credit crunch.                             

 

 Over and above all that, there is the suspicion that Gordon Brown may wish 

 to delay the development.                                                  

 

 Building a new express-link for City banks, which are hardly popular in    

 the country at present, could be the last thing he needs as he copes with  

 public finances that are shot to bits.                                     

 

 The counter-argument says that the Prime Minister would not dare to lose   

 face with the City by backtracking on Crossrail, and that a further        

 postponement of the long-fought-for scheme would send a terrible signal    

 about London’s claim to be the world’s leading financial centre. The last  

 few weeks have shown, if nothing else, just how vital a dynamic City is to 

 the economy and that therefore he will push ahead.                         

 

 But Brown has also got an Olympic Games to contend with, which just happen 

 to be in the same part of the UK as Crossrail. That too is suffering, with 

 the financing of the 2012 Olympic Village provoking alarm in Whitehall.    

 

 City Spy would not be surprised at all if Crossrail was to slow….         

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Author: Ed

Editor

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